|The goal of this work is to synthesize new hydrogels and to characterize their properties. In addition to their swelling properties, rheological behavior during and after gelation will be evaluated. For their subsequent medical application, their biocompatibility and antibacterial properties were investigated. Thereby structure-property relationships are to be established and the foundation for a wide range of medical applications is to be laid. Based on this knowledge, the hydrogels will be adapted and optimized for their application as drug delivery systems in ophthalmology.