|The thesis presents how in-depth system understanding of underwater vehicles (UUVs), proper motion planning and a comprehensive controller synthesis can intertwine. To this end, uncertainties on various UUVs (e.g. viscous and inertial loads as well as fluid density) were dealt with in detail. However, the core is a developed algorithm based on the ‚method of elastic bands’ for planning in a 3D space. It can be used to model the different tasks of UUVs. For their realisation a state control with pole range specification was exemplarily demonstrated.