Universität Rostock, 2011
Abstract: Nonclassicality was introduced to examine if experimental observations can be explained with a classical theory. Although the formal definition of nonclassicality is known for several decades, there has been a lack of simple and complete criteria to check nonclassicality. In this work, some criteria are compared. Then, so-called nonclassicality quasiprobabilities are introduced, which allow a full examination of nonclassicality for any quantum state. Finally, some issues of the relation between nonclassicality and entanglement are discussed. All concepts are illustrated with experimental data.
doctoral thesis free access